Surfing the net used to be an extremely time-consuming activity, and not because it was so easy to be distracted by social media as it is today. Back in the early days, it was normal for a page to take several seconds to load – more so if it was particularly graphics-heavy. Nowadays, of course, broadband connections are the norm and surfers are accustomed to high speeds and near-instant loading of pages.
Welcome as this is, it’s generated an unfortunate side effect: many web designers have become complacent and bloat their pages with all sorts of extras, assuming that speed is no longer an issue. That’s a mistake.
The simple fact is that the longer it takes a page to load, the more visitors will leave before it’s finished rendering. Fully 90% of people will be gone before ten seconds are up, but this is irrelevant — no page should ever take that long. You should aim for no more than two seconds for a page to complete loading if you want to keep visitors interested, and even that is a top limit rather than an acceptable aim.
The Effects on Revenue
Even with fast connections, every single minor speed improvement is critical. Research by Amazon – who know a thing or two about ecommerce – shows that each additional 0.1 second’s loading time results in a 1% decline in sales. A single percentage point here and there may not seem hugely significant, but if a series of small delays adds up to a full second, shaving 10% off your revenue, you’re going to notice very quickly.
The Mighty Google
And it’s not just human visitors for whom speed matters. Google are repeatedly on record as stating that speed is an important factor in their rankings. If you have a slow page, the likelihood is that you’ll slip down the Google results over time. The flip side is that all being equal, reducing your loading times will push you up the rankings, at least a little.
How to Improve Your Site’s Speed
So if you’re now convinced you need a fast site, what can you do to achieve it? Here are seven quickly actionable ways, none of which should present any problem to a competent web development agency or in-house team.
Use Quality Hosting
Choose your host wisely. You don’t necessarily need to pay through the nose, but if you host on a highly shared server that creaks under pressure then you’re on a hiding to nothing. This is especially important on any website built around a database or heavy scripting. Seek out a quality shared plan, or a dedicated server if your traffic justifies it. This will be a little more costly than a bargain-basement deal, but hosting is relatively inexpensive these days, and it isn’t a good area to aggressively economize on.
Optimize All Images
It used to be standard practice to reduce image sizes as much as possible through compression and sensible cropping. It’s easy to be complacent about this nowadays, but today’s hi-res digital cameras can create huge files which need to be reduced where possible. Incidental graphics should be optimized aggressively – no one’s going to notice a slight degradation in quality – while more leeway should be allowed for critical images such as product photographs and so on.
Reduce Feature Creep
Just because you can add a feature to your website doesn’t mean you should. Carry out an audit of all your site’s plugins, social media buttons, glitzy transition effects, and so on – these can multiply impressively over time. If something isn’t mission critical, ask if it’s worth even the marginal delay it adds to proceedings, and err on the side of removal rather than inertia.
Enable Gzip Compression
This is one for the hosting techies: enable gzip compression on your web server. This will reduce the amount of data sent back and forth, so speeding things up over slower connections. All modern server software supports this option, and there’s really no good reason not to use it.
Tighten Up Code
Keep Things Local
When it comes to optimizing sites for speed, mega-corps such as Google often obsess over saving every byte of data transfer on every page delivered. Of course, the average site owner doesn’t need to go this far, but it still makes sense to reduce delays and improve performance wherever possible. After all, if a slow site is reducing your revenue, it’s an issue you can’t afford to ignore.